Top 10 Embedded Security Vulnerabilities

Content By Devops .com

Nearly all of detected security vulnerabilities can be attributed to just 10 types. Here, we discuss the most common cybersecurity vulnerabilities and offer guidance on how to mitigate their risk.

Vulnerability 10: Numeric Errors

Numeric errors can refer to several different categories of problems, including wrap around errors, improper validation of array index, integer overflow, incorrect byte ordering and more. A common place for numeric errors is in math calculations and data overflow from an external source.

Vulnerability 9: Cryptographic Issues

Cryptographic issues are weaknesses related to the use of cryptography. This type of vulnerability is often caused by missing encryption of sensitive data, inadequate encryption strength and more.

Vulnerability 8: Code Injection

Code injections effect interpreted environments such as PHP.

Vulnerability 7: Code

This is a catchall vulnerability that can include such things as mismanaging passwords, improper handling of API contracts and code generation issues.

Vulnerability 6: Resource Management Errors

This type of vulnerability refers to a wide range of issues, including improper management of system resources, resource locking and insufficient resource pool.

Vulnerability 5: Improper Access Control

Improper access control is when software does not restrict, or incorrectly restricts, access to a resource from an unauthorized actor.

Vulnerability 4: Improper Input Validation

Improper input validation refers to getting incorrect or missing information from anything that could possibly impact a program’s control flow or data flow.

Vulnerability 3: Information Exposure

Information exposure is the intentional or unintentional disclosure of information that isn’t explicitly authorized.

Vulnerability 2: Access Control

This vulnerability refers to any weakness related to the management of permissions, privileges or other security features.

Vulnerability 1: Memory Buffer Problems

Memory buffer problems occur when software can read or write to locations outside the boundaries of the memory buffer.

How to Prevent Cyberattacks

An effective way to address each of these vulnerabilities is to rely on a static code analysis and static application security testing (SAST) tool. These types of tools analyze your code as it’s being written for potential coding errors, bugs and vulnerabilities. By addressing vulnerabilities earlier in development, you save time and money.

For a more in-depth look at these 10 vulnerabilities and how to best mitigate their potential risk, review the associated white paper.


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